There are multiple reasons why cars cannot be the backbone of private transport in future cities. Problems caused by air pollution, noise and the huge demand for space are strong arguments for the overdue change in urban development concepts.

The reduction of private car traffic offers enormous chances by restructuring neighborhoods with playgrounds, pedestrian zones, public green and space for local businesses such as cafes and restaurants. Children could play safely in the streets, birds would be heard again downtown.

The significance of urban areas as centers for economy and living is growing – more and more people worldwide move to cities. Consequently urban mobility needs to become more flexible and cannot rely longer on private cars that get stuck in everyday traffic jams. In todays cities, innovative transport solutions such as ride-, bike- or carsharing are being implemented and combined with existing public transport infrastructures. Thereby, spatial structure, mobility behavior, and innovations interact – and change public space.

In future low-emission cities, public transport and active mobility form the backbone of urban transport. The different traffic modes get combined by user-friendly digital applications that make it easy to find the best way to get from A to B fast. Thus, developing strategies to support active mobility is crucial for adapting urban infrastructure to future needs.